Termeh is one of the most elegant and beautiful Persian handwoven fabrics. The Termeh is woven in a similar manner to Persian carpets; however, unlike the carpets, the back of the fabric displays a free underlay. The original Termeh is woven in two colors, light red and firebrick (jujube) red.
Products: Curtains, bed sheets, tablecloths, and bags.
Place of origin: Isfahan and Yazd, Iran.
Materials: high quality wool with tall fibers, cotton, silk, and natural dyes
In the past, artisans produced hand-woven Termeh, manually creating lines and motifs on the fabric, but nowadays hand-weaving is replaced by quill machines used in traditional crafts and textiles.
Dyes used in the making of Termeh are light red, firebrick red, green, orange and black. Traditionally, all dyes used for Termeh are from natural sources such as roots, trunks, leaves, flowers, fruit, and fruit skins and peels. Some of the most common designs associated with Termeh are the so-called Boteh motifs such as Jaghe (paisley), Sarvi (cypress), Badami (almond), deer antlers, and Kherghe. Amiri and stripes are other common Termeh designs.
Due to its unique texture, the Termeh fabric has an optimum resistance and is generally more durable than other fabrics. Nevertheless, Termeh should not be in direct contact with the sunlight and moisture because the dark colors may fade.
Nowadays, Termeh is no longer produced in the traditional way. In the beginning, these astonishing and veritable pieces of art were woven by hand and the materials used were mostly gold and silver thread. Since gold and silver are very expensive, their use has become rarer. In the past, Termeh was used to decorate and beautify clothes, collars and sleeves, scarves, tapestry and bed sheets. Today, this art is applied to many other items adding to their beauty.
History and background:
The beginning of Termebafi (the procedure of making a termeh) in Iran dates back to Safavid dynasty (1502–1736 A.D.) and flourished in Shah Abbas’ period. Some believe that the first Termeh was woven in Central Asia, more precisely in Kashmir, India, while others believe that Termeh originates in Iran, and then spread to other places in Central Asia.