• Iranian handicraft


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Minakari, or enameling, is the glorious art of intertwining fire, metal, and soil, with colorful motifs and lines resulting in gorgeously beautified decorative objects displaying intricate designs. The art of Minakari has a rich history that dates back to 1500 B.C

Products:  Frames, plates, bowls, vases, doors and window sills, jewelry boxes and rosewater containers.

Place of origin: Isfahan, Iran.

Materials: gold, silver, copper, zinc, and brass objects, enamel, special resins and colors, paint brushes, and compass

The process:

The first step in producing Minakari is to prepare the working surface. An experienced and skilled coppersmith prepares the object to be enameled by bending and hammering it. After cleaning it with sulfuric acid, the object is ready for enameling.

The second step is the actual enameling of the craft. To this end, the object is sprayed with an enamel solution and placed in a furnace at a temperature of 750-800 degrees Celsius. The craftsman repeats this glazing procedure 3 or 4 times. Once ready, using tiny delicate brushes, the artisan paints on the handicraft different motifs and designs such as arabesques, hunting grounds, birds, flowers, and lines. In the end, after being painted, the artwork is placed in the furnace one last time to permanently keep the colors and the motifs on the craft.

History and background:

According to some experts, and reconciling Byzantine’ works with Persian’s works, the art of Minakari was born in Persia, from where it then spread to other regions around the world. One of the oldest known Minakari objects is an Achaemenid dynasty gold enamelled armband that is presently displayed in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.



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